BIG新作品:弓形国家大剧院

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楼主 2019-07-05 09:37:07
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Bjarke Ingels Group(BIG)公布了其首屈一指的阿尔巴尼亚国家剧院的图像,回应了首都的一个蓬勃发展的表演艺术场景。该项目位于地拉那市中心的文化中心,旨在为以行人为中心的区域创建新的城市聚会场所,同时建造的剧院将作为表演者。


Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) has released images of its bow-shaped National Theatre of Albania, responding to a thriving performance art scene in the nation’s capital. Situated in the cultural heart of downtown Tirana, the scheme seeks to create new urban gathering places for a pedestrian-focused district, while casting the theater as a performer in its own right.



该项目位于文化轴线上,毗邻斯坎德培广场,国家歌剧院和国家美术馆等公共地标,它将取代现有的剧院,同时将增建三个新的表演空间,一个屋顶露天剧场和一个覆盖的公共空间。


Situated on a cultural axis, adjacent to public landmarks such as Skanderbeg Square, the National Opera, and the National Art Gallery, BIG’s scheme will replace the existing theater while adding three new performance spaces, a rooftop amphitheater, and a covered public space underneath the building.



该方案的“蝴蝶结”形式是通过提升其中心的棱柱形体量,创建两侧的公共广场和连接以及在建筑物下面进行即兴表演的机会而创建的。进入后,参观者走过两个大楼梯被带到剧院门厅,从那里他们可以进入主礼堂或较小的表演空间。


The “bow-tie” form of the scheme is created by lifting the prism-shaped volume at its center, creating public plazas and connections at both sides, and the opportunity for impromptu performances underneath the building. Having entered at either side of the scheme, visitors are led up two grand staircases to the theater foyer, from where they can access the main auditorium or smaller performance spaces.



我们为新的阿尔巴尼亚国家剧院的设计将让地拉那的公共空间更具吸引力,其公共空间更加透明。剧院被设想为由主礼堂连接的两座建筑物:一个用于观众,另一个用于表演。在下面,剧院从地面拱起,为观众和表演者创造了入口,同时打开了通向新的城市拱廊的门户。——BIG创始合伙人Bjarke Ingels表示。

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Our design for the new National Theatre of Albania will continue the city’s efforts for making Tirana’s public spaces more inviting and its public institutions more transparent. The theater is conceived as two buildings connected by the main auditorium: one for the audience and one for the performers. Underneath, the theatre arches up from the ground creating an entrance canopy for the audience as well as for the performers, while opening a gateway to the new urban arcade beyond. 

-Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner, BIG



“蝴蝶结”的数量受场地布局影响很大,中央主礼堂由公共职能向南开放,北部则设有私人服务区。在每一面,立面都向公众提供了该方案内部的一切,将该建筑变成了自己的戏剧表演。


The “bow-tie” volume was heavily influenced by the program of venues, with the central main auditorium sandwiched by public functions to the south, and private, servicing areas to the north. On each side, the fa?ade offers the public an insight into the scheme's interior workings, transforming the building into a theatrical performance of its own.


该项目的倾斜屋顶创造了一个类似圆形剧场的空间,以地拉那的全景为背景,提供公共户外表演。


Above the theater, the scheme’s sloping rooftop creates an amphitheater-like space framed by sweeping views across Tirana, offering public outdoor performances as a counterpoint to the sheltered venue beneath.



如果剧院通常在傍晚之前不向公众开放,那么新的阿尔巴尼亚国家舞台将成为全天演出和演出的奇观。-Bjarke Ingels,创始合伙人,BIG

对于该项目的发展,BIG与剧院项目和SON工程公司合作。


Where a theater typically wouldn’t be open to the public until the early evening, the new Albanian National Stage will become a spectacle of production as well as performance throughout the day.

-Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner, BIG

For the scheme’s development, BIG collaborated with Theatre Projects and SON Engineering


建筑师:BIG

地点:阿尔巴尼亚


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