The bow tie-shaped National Theatre of Albania designed by BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group and Theatre Projects is a 3-in-1 cultural venue tailored to Tirana’s thriving theatre and performance art scene. The National Theatre of Albania is a 9,300 m2 contemporary venue designed to host local and touring theatre companies in the nation’s capital. Located in the cultural and administrative heart of downtown Tirana, adjacent to the iconic Skanderbeg Square, the National Opera and the National Art Gallery, the cultural space will replace the existing theatre and add three new indoor performance spaces, a rooftop amphitheater as well as a covered public space underneath the building.
▼如领结般的建筑，the bow tie like building
“地拉那正在经历史无前例的城市革新。随着城市造林活动的兴起，该城的绿色植被数量已增加至二百万。它正日益转变成最适宜儿童居住的城市，且随着数不胜数的游乐场设施，以及如斯坎德培广场和New Bazaar一样无机动车行驶区域的增加，该城市正越来越向步行城市发展。随之而来的是2.5倍的游客增长率，越来越多的人将此处视为是度假休闲的最优之选。那么此次BIG的剧院项目，无疑将成为城市革新建设中最闪耀的一笔。静立在城市中的“领结”集合艺术家，梦想家和精英们的城市梦想，将城市变化中的城市推向新的高度，”地拉那市长Erion Veliaj说道。
“Tirana is going through an era of unprecedented transformation and innovation. The city is becoming greener with a major tree plantation drive of 2 million trees! It is a leading child-friendly and pedestrian city with countless playgrounds and large car-free areas as the Scanderbeg Square and New Bazaar. Tourism has also grown 2.5-fold in recent years as a leading city-break destination. Alas, BIG’s new theater will become a crown-jewel of this transformation in the heart of the capital! The “bow tie” will tie together artists, dreamers, talents and the aspirations of a city going on fifth gear yearning for constant change and place-making,” Erion Veliaj, Mayor of Tirana.
▼营造丰富的城市活动空间，creating a diverse public spaces
Located prominently on the cultural axis and in a mostly pedestrian zone, BIG’s design for the National Theatre of Albania seeks to reclaim and reinforce the city’s goal for more urban gathering places in Tirana. The prism shaped volume is compressed and lifted in the center, creating connections and public plazas on both sides of the theatre at street level. Visitors and theatre enthusiasts can enter the building from either side or simply stay under the arch of the building to enjoy impromptu performances and other cultural events.
▼棱镜状建筑于中部压缩抬起，the prism shaped volume is compressed and lifted in the center
“Our design for the new National Theatre of Albania will continue the city’s efforts for making Tirana’s public spaces more inviting and its public institutions more transparent. The theater is conceived as two buildings connected by the main auditorium: one for the audience and one for the performers. Underneath, the theatre arches up from the ground creating an entrance canopy for the audience as well as for the performers, while opening a gateway to the new urban arcade beyond. Above, the roof mirrors the archway, forming an open-air amphitheater with a backdrop to the city’s skyline,“ Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner, BIG.
▼剧院活动对城市可见，the facades on each side of the building reveal the interior program to passersby outside
Once inside the building, visitors will have access to immediate ticketing which is flanked by two grand stairs that lead up to the theatre foyer. From there, guests may continue up to the main auditorium or into the smaller black box performance spaces. The program organization of the venues informs the bow tie-shaped volume on the outside: the main auditorium is located in the middle, sandwiched by the front-of-house activities facing south, and all of the back-of-house activities and services to the north. The facades on each side of the building reveal the interior program to passersby outside, creating a storybook for the public and allowing the theatre operation to act as a stage in its own right.
Bjarke Ingels continues, “the two main facades of the National Theatre of Albania are opened up to expose the spaces inside the building to the public outside. One side reveals a foyer, lounge, bar and restaurant as well as two experimental stages to passersby, like rooms in a doll house. The other side reveals the entire section of the backstage, side stages, under stage and fly tower, exposing the entire theater machine to curious observers. Where a theater typically wouldn’t be open to the public until the early evening, the new Albanian National Stage will become a spectacle of production as well as performance throughout the day.”
▼该建筑将成为全天候展演剧院，the new Albanian National Stage will become a spectacle of production as well as performance throughout the day
A rooftop venue and cafe are accessible to the public as well. The sloping of the roof creates an amphitheater-like space that is framed by a dramatic backdrop of the city itself. With open venues, one sheltered and one with a rooftop view,—and traditionally hidden theatre spaces being revealed out towards the city—the New National Theatre of Albania will be both stage and actor in the city of Tirana.
▼如同罗马剧院般的屋顶剧场，the sloping of the roof creates an amphitheater-like space
▼对外开放的咖啡厅，cafe bar is accessible to the public